President Obama was re-elected in 2012 Presidential elections for 4 more years in White House. This has been celebrated by Democrats along with other groups who expect American government to fulfill their promises in the next term. One of these groups consists of illegal immigrants.
President Obama is criticized by Republicans for being too easy on illegal immigrants and failing to provide border security to avoid immigrants with malintentions entering United States particularly via Arizona and Texas borders with Mexico.
However, Obama claims that he has done ‘more than anybody would have believed’ to increase security at borders by investing on technology, protective systems and patrols who track illegal immigrants at the borders. Obama proposed immigration reform that presents a path for citizenship to illegal immigrants who entered the country at early ages however it was rejected by Senate when it involved 59 Democrats in 2010.
What does the reform include?
The bill would provide legal status and a path to citizenship to young people who were brought to the United States illegally as children and receive a college education or want to enter the military. Under the bill, students who who came to the United States when they were 15 or under, have been in the country continually at least five years, present “good moral character,” graduate from high school or obtain a G.E.D., and complete two years of college or military service in good standing would qualify
This bill was already rejected. But now that Obama will run presidency for the second term , he can alienate opposition towards his proposals and proceed with passing reforms that he promised to his Latino supporters. This bill, if passed, would help 11 million illegal immigrant to obtain citizenship.
Obama claims that tackling illegal immigration is an important step for middle class benefits. If labor is not legalized, they will lower wages and this will eventually hurt middle-classes.
Obama’s second term presents a challenge for immigration laws. Given the fact that he had a comfortable win against Republican candidate Mitt Romney and thus refreshed his support within Democratic Party , he should be able to go proceed with proposed reform package for illegal immigrants.
For scholars who are interested in immigration law, this is a topic to focus on in the next four years. This will give us idea about ideological positioning of political parties, party unity (?) in United States, political polarization on immigration issue and in the deeper sense social cooperation between immigrants and natives on integrating them as legal parts of community instead of leaving illegal immigrants, or cheap labor force vulnerable for abuse.